Nissan CD20 Engine

The Nissan CD20 diesel engine, a 2.0-liter powerplant, was in production by Nissan from 1990 to 2000. It found its place in a range of popular models, including the Almera, Primera, Pulsar, and Avenir. There was also a variant of this engine equipped with an electronic high-pressure fuel pump, featured in the Bluebird, named the CD20E.

Nissan has built a strong reputation for manufacturing high-quality engines, earning a dedicated following among automotive enthusiasts. The CD20 series of engines was no exception and played a prominent role in numerous well-loved car models.

This engine family had a production span of a decade, during which it underwent several updates, resulting in a group of engines with similar capabilities. While known for their reliability, these engines did have some common issues.

The production of the CD20 engine took place at various Nissan facilities, which not only ensured efficient manufacturing but also facilitated its seamless integration into specific Nissan car models. Furthermore, some external facilities were involved in the production of the CD20 engine under contractual arrangements.

The CD20 engine was designed with a focus on meeting the powerplant needs of Nissan’s contemporary passenger car lineup, showcasing its versatility. This design philosophy proved to be a successful one.

The CD20 engine found its place in the following Nissan models:

  • Nissan AD 2 (Y10) in 1997 – 1998
  • Nissan Almera 1 (N15) in 1995 – 2000
  • Nissan Avenir 1 (W10) in 1990 – 1998
  • Nissan Primera 1 (P10) in 1992 – 1996
  • Nissan Pulsar N15 in 1995 – 2000
  • Nissan Serena C23 in 1991 – 1993
  • Nissan Sunny 3 (B13) in 1993 – 1998
  • Nissan Wingroad Y10 in 1997 – 1998


All engines in this series operate on diesel fuel, ensuring efficiency. While they share a common design, each CD20 variant boasts technical differences that enhance the original engine. You can find the general technical data in the table below.

Property Value
Production Years 1990-2000
Displacement, cc 1973
Fuel System Vortex Chamber
Power Output, hp 75
Torque Output, Nm 132
Cylinder Block Cast Iron R4
Block Head Aluminum 8v
Cylinder Bore, mm 84.5
Piston Stroke, mm 88
Compression Ratio 22.2
Features No
Hydraulic Lifters No
Timing Drive Belt
Phase Regulator No
Turbocharging No
Recommended Engine Oil 10W-30
Engine Oil Capacity, Liter 5.7
Fuel Type Diesel
Euro Standards EURO 1/2
Fuel Consumption, L/100 km (for Nissan Avenir 1992) City: 8.1; Highway: 5.5; Combined: 6.4
Engine Lifespan, km ~275,000
Weight, kg 180

More Variant Of The CD20 Engine

Index CD20 CD20E CD20ET CD20ETi atm CD20ETi turbo
Volume 1973 1973 1973 1973 1973
Power hp 75-105 76 91 – 97 105 105
Max. torque N*m (kg*m) at rpm. 113 (12) / 4400
132 (13) / 2800
135 (14) / 4400
132 (13) / 2800 191 (19) / 2400
196 (20) / 2400
221 (23) / 2000 221 (23) / 2000
Fuel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel
Consumption l/100 km 3.9 – 7.4 3.4 – 4.1 04.09.2006 05.01.2006 05.01.2006
Engine’s type In-line, 4-cylinder liquid cooled, OHC In-line, 4-cylinder, liquid cooled, OHC In-line 4-cylinder, SOHC In-line, 4-cylinder, liquid cooled, OHC In-line, 4-cylinder, liquid cooled, OHC
Additional engine information No data No data No data No data Variable valve timing system
Cylinder diameter, mm 84.5 – 85 85 85 85 85
Supercharger No No Turbine No Turbine
Piston stroke, mm 88 – 89 88 – 89 88 88 88
Compression ratio 02.22.2018 22 22 22 22
Number of valves per cylinder 02.04.2018 02.04.2018 02.04.2018 02.04.2018 02.04.2018
Resource 250-300 km 250-300 km 250-300 km 280-300 km 280-300 km

Most Common CD20 Engine Problems

  • The fuel system is not overly finicky, but it does demand clean fuel.
  • Cooling system airlocks can be a common issue faced by owners.
  • Overheating can lead to gasket leaks or head cracking.
  • The timing belt typically lasts around 80,000 km, with valve damage occurring if it breaks.
  • Compression in the cylinders tends to decrease after about 250,000 km, signaling the need for a major overhaul.

CD20 Engine Reliability

Nissan’s reputation for engine quality holds true for the CD20 series. These engines are built to last, with an average lifespan ranging from 250,000 to 300,000 kilometers. Some have even surpassed 400,000 kilometers without major issues. Regular oil changes are key to minimizing natural wear.

Being a diesel engine, it’s remarkably durable, making it an excellent choice for station wagons used for heavy-duty cargo transportation.

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