P0583 Trouble Code Solution: Decoding, Causes, Reset

The P0583 code reads as “cruise control vacuum circuit low”. Often, in programs working with an OBD-2 scanner, the name may have the English spelling “Cruise Control Vacuum Control Circuit Low”.

P0583 datasheet and explanation

This Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) is a generic code. The P0583 code is considered a generic code as it applies to all makes and models of vehicles. Although the specific repair steps may differ slightly depending on the model.

Cruise control has been designed for comfort, with the sole purpose of maintaining the vehicle’s manual speed as set by the driver. The driver does not need to control the accelerator pedal.

If the car is equipped with an automatic transmission, it can monitor and adjust shifts according to driving conditions in real time.

There are many possible ways to control and operate a vehicle’s cruise control system. One of the ways that manufacturers usually use to operate cruise control is with a vacuum controlled system.

In most cases, vacuum is used as an effective way to control a cruise control servo or similar membrane type control. The vacuum control circuit is integral to the correct operation of this system.

If the PCM loses its ability to monitor the vacuum control circuit of the cruise control, it will cause the cruise control to stop functioning properly. In most cases, such systems have a vacuum solenoid, which is responsible for controlling the flow of vacuum to the control part.

The cruise control vacuum solenoid is controlled by the PCM and the servo controls the vacuum that activates and deactivates the system. If the cruise control servo does not work as requested by the PCM, a P0583 code will be set.

Malfunction symptoms

The primary symptom of a P0583 code for a driver is a MIL (Malfunction Indicator Light) illuminated. It is also called Check engine or simply “check is on”.

They can also manifest as:

  1. The cruise control lamp on the dashboard is off or on.
  2. The cruise control is completely out of order.
  3. Unstable cruise control.
  4. Some features don’t work as they should (like install, resume, speed up, etc.).
  5. Cruise control turns on but does not work.
  6. Failure to adjust the cruise control to the desired speed.
  7. Whistling noises from the engine compartment.

In code P0583 low severity, since it does not affect safety and the main components of the car. But, like any electrical problem, it is better to eliminate it so that the malfunction does not worsen in the future.

Reasons for the error

The P0583 code could mean one or more of the following problems have occurred:

  • Defective vacuum solenoid.
  • The cruise control servo is defective.
  • Cracked or broken vacuum hose.
  • Debris and dirt mechanically interfere with the cruise control servo.
  • Leakage in engine vacuum system.
  • Wiring problem (breakage, abrasion, etc.).
  • Defective connector (e.g. corroded pins).
  • Blown fuse.
  • Defective cruise control module.
  • Sometimes the cause is a faulty PCM.

How to Repair or Reset Trouble Code P0583

Some suggested steps to troubleshoot and fix the P0583 code:

  1. Connect the OBD-II scanner to the vehicle diagnostic socket and read all stored data and error codes.
  2. Clear the error codes from the computer memory and test drive the vehicle to see if the P0583 code appears again.
  3. If the code reappears, check the wiring and the corresponding connectors. Make sure they are not broken or frayed. Repair or replace as necessary.
  4. Inspect and test the vacuum lines.
  5. Check the operation of the vacuum solenoid as well as the cruise control servo.
  6. If no faults are found, the cruise control module or PCM may be faulty.

Diagnostics and problem solving

The first step in troubleshooting P0583 is to review the Technical Service Bulletins (TSB). For known issues with a specific vehicle.

Next, you need to open the hood to check the cruise control system. Track where the vacuum control line goes and what it controls.

If it goes directly to the vacuum solenoid, carefully inspect the vacuum lines, solenoids, and cruise control servo for physical damage. Any damage found must be repaired or replaced before further diagnostics.

Check the electrical parameters of the cruise control vacuum solenoid to rule out the possibility of an internal malfunction. If the values ​​are outside the manufacturer’s limits, replace the solenoid, reset the error and test drive.

Check the system vacuum using the designated ports on the intake system. They are usually located on the intake manifold itself, but refer to the manual for details.

Typically, at operating temperature and correct ignition setting, the vacuum reading should be around 50-55 kPa.

A problem with the PCM is in most cases the last resort in diagnosing the P0583 code. Considering the fact that this can be one of the most expensive repairs, it is better to entrust it to professionals.

On what cars does this problem occur more often?

The problem with the P0583 code can occur on different cars, but there are always statistics on which brands this error is more common. Here is a list of some of them:

  • Chevrolet
  • Chrysler
  • Dodge (Dodge Ram)
  • Ford
  • Hyundai
  • Jeep

Other errors can sometimes be found with DTC P0583. The most common are the following: P0582, P0584, P0586, P0587, P0588.

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